The purpose of Federal funds is to provide supplemental assistance and enhancement to schools and school district, such that programs can be developed and implemented that promote academic achievement.
Supplement vs Supplant - No Child Left Behind 1120(b)
Montgomery Public Schools use federal funds to supplement the funds that would, in the absence of such Federal funds, be made available from non Federal sources for the education of students participating in programs assisted under this part, and not to supplant such funds.
What does that means?
Education initiatives are initially a State and Local issue.
Federal funds support all State and Local mandated initiatives.
Therefore, if the initiative is one that must exist to educate students, Federal funds can only be used for support after, the expenditure of State and Local funds.
Listed are the Federal programs provided by Montgomery Public Schools (MPS) under the No Child Left Behind (NCLB) Act of 2001:
Title I, Part A - Improving the Academic Achievement of the Disadvantaged
The purpose of this title is to ensure that all children have a fair, equal, and significant opportunity to obtain a high-quality education and reach, at a minimum, proficiency on challenging State academic achievement standards and state academic assessments.
This purpose can be accomplished by ...
ensuring that high-quality academic assessments, accountability systems, teacher preparation and training, curriculum, and instructional materials are aligned with challenging State academic standards so that students, teachers, parents and administrators can measure progress against common expectations for student academic achievement;
meeting the educational needs of low-achieving children in our highest-poverty schools, limited English proficient children, migratory children, children with disabilities, neglected or delinquent children, and young children in need of reading assistance;
closing the achievement gap between high and low performing children, especially the achievement gaps between minority and non-minority students, and between disadvantaged children and their more advantaged peers;
providing children an enriched and accelerated educational program, including the use of schoolwide program or additional services that increase the amount and quality on instructional time;
promoting schoolwide free form and ensuring the access of children to effective, scientifically based instructional strategies and challenging academic content;
significantly elevating the quality of instruction providing staff in participating schools with substantial opportunities for professional development;
affording parents substantial and meaningful opportunities to participate in the education of children.
Title I, Part C - Education of Migratory Children
It is the purpose of this part to . . .
in supporting high-quality and comprehensive educational programs for migratory children to help reduce the educational disruptions and other problems that result from repeated moves;
in ensuring that migratory children are provided with appropriate educational services (including supportive services) that address their special needs in a coordinated and efficient manner; and
ensure that migratory children receive full and appropriate opportunities to meet the same challenging State academic content and student academic achievement standards that all children are expected to meet.
Title I, Part D - Prevention and Intervention Programs for Children and Youth who are Neglected, Delinquent, or At-Risk
It is the purpose of this part to . . .
improve educational services for children and youth in local and state institutions for neglected or delinquent children and youth so that such children and youth have the opportunity to meet the same challenging State academic content standards and challenging State student academic achievement standards that all children in the State are expected to meet;
provide such children and youth with the services needed to make a successful transition from institutionalization to further schooling or employment; and
prevent at-risk youth from dropping out of school, and to provide dropouts, and children and youth returning from correctional facilities or institutions for neglected or delinquent children and youth, with a support system to ensure their continued education.
Title II - Preparing, Training, and Recruiting High Quality Teachers and Principals
The purpose of this title is to provide grants to . . .
increase student academic achievement through strategies such as improving teacher and principal quality and increasing the number of highly qualified teachers in the classroom and high qualified principals and assistant principals in schools; and
hold district and schools accountable for improvements in student academic achievement.
Title III - Language Instruction for Limited English Proficient and Immigrant Students
The purpose of this title is to . . .
ensure that children who are limited English proficient, including immigrant children and youth, attain English proficiency;
develop high levels of academic attainment in English; and
meet the same challenging State academic content and student academic achievement standards that all children are expected to meet.
To view a full text version of the No Child Left Behind Act of 2001, click here